Hydrocarbons | Cannabis Wiki

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Hydrocarbons are compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen and they are the simplest organic compounds. However, because carbon atoms are so versatile, many different kinds of hydrocarbons exist. Nature can take the same two atoms, carbon and hydrogen, and bond them together in different numbers and in different ways to form hundreds of thousands of different compounds. Hydrocarbons are commonly used as fuels. Candle wax, oil, gasoline, liquid propane (LP) gas, and natural gas are all composed of hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are also the starting materials in the synthesis of many different consumer products, including fabrics, soaps, dyes, cosmetics, drugs, plastic, and rubber.

Hydrocarbons can be broadly classified into four different types: alkanes (which are also called saturated hydrocarbons), alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons (which are all termed unsaturated hydrocarbons). Alkanes, akenes, and alkynes can be differentiated based on their molecular formulas.

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