Crowned Hemp https://crownedhemp.com Cannabis is the Future! Thu, 17 Oct 2019 22:42:38 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.129/k81.7da.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/cropped-crowned-hemp-logo-small-32x32.jpg Crowned Hemp https://crownedhemp.com 32 32 Don’t Fall for The Re-hydrating Cannabis Myth https://crownedhemp.com/dont-fall-for-the-re-hydrating-cannabis-myth/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=dont-fall-for-the-re-hydrating-cannabis-myth https://crownedhemp.com/dont-fall-for-the-re-hydrating-cannabis-myth/#respond Thu, 17 Oct 2019 22:27:21 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=1271 Written by Crowned Hemp

When it comes to storing cannabis, one thing you never want to do-don’t fall for the re-hydrating cannabis myth. You’ll…

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When it comes to storing cannabis, one thing you never want to do-don’t fall for the re-hydrating cannabis myth. You’ll quickly find that most containers used to store cannabis are not airtight. When cannabis is stored in a container that’s not airtight, the water content in dried cannabis drops below 7 percent. When the water content drops cannabis loses it volatile terpene oils really quickly. Once cannabis loses it terpene oils, there goes some of its aroma and effects. 

The myth of rehydration is the mistakenly thinking that cannabis can be rehydrated to its original water content (condition), once it dries out. This couldn’t be further from the truth. Once terpenes have evaporated, that’s it-they’re gone. So, while technically speaking, cannabis can be rehydrated, water content isn’t going to bring back the evaporated terpenes (aromatic constituents) of cannabis

Don’t Bother Maintaining Moisture Either 

Some cannabis users think they’re maintaining the freshness of cannabis simply by spritzing the cannabis with water or by placing tortillas, orange peels, or bread in the container of cannabis. In doing so, the surface of cannabis returns to a high-moisture condition. This high-moisture condition opens opportunities for mold and bacteria growth. 

Placing organic materials such as fruit in the same container as cannabis is a great way to increase the rate of spoilage.  

What About the Cannabis Leaf Technique? 

The cannabis leaf technique consists of placing fresh cannabis leaves in a container of dried-out cannabis in order to rehydrate it. While this technique might sound very hopeful, it’s yet another method that should not be used. The fresh leaves tend to dry out too slowly to be considered safe. Drying out too slowly can result in decaying leaves, opening up doors for all sorts of molds and microbes.  

Looking for ways to properly store your cannabis? Don’t forget to read our article “Cannabis Storage Methods” to learn the best ways to store your cannabis

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How to Make Infused Cannabis Oil for Cooking https://crownedhemp.com/how-to-make-infused-cannabis-oil-for-cooking/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=how-to-make-infused-cannabis-oil-for-cooking https://crownedhemp.com/how-to-make-infused-cannabis-oil-for-cooking/#respond Wed, 16 Oct 2019 17:36:49 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=1235 Written by Crowned Hemp

DIY-Infused Cannabis Oil for Cooking  Cooking oil infused with cannabis can be integrated into a wide variety of recipes. cannabis…

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DIY-Infused Cannabis Oil for Cooking 

Cooking oil infused with cannabis can be integrated into a wide variety of recipes. cannabis flowers is an option when making infused cannabis cooking oil, however, you’re better off using a cannabis extraction instead. Are you ready to make infused cannabis oil for cooking? Let’s go!

Directions: Preparation 

  1. Place 2 ounces (57 grams) of dried cannabis flower (which has been lab-tested for potency) or 1 ounce (28 grams) of hashish; 4 cups (946 milliliters) of water; and 1 cup (237 milliliters) if canola oil, olive oil, or sesame oil into a slow cooker. Heat for a total of 8 hours. 
  2. Using a coffee filter and press, squeeze the oil and water from the cooked cannabis. Next, pour the liquid in a bowl and freeze overnight. During the freezing process, the infused oil will float to the top of the bowl. 
  3. Wearing gloves, gently scrape the oil from the bowl. Any remaining frozen, brown liquid in the bowl should be discarded. 
  4. In order to avoid the oil from spoiling, keep the oil in the freezer. 

This extracted cannabis oil will be extremely potent, so please use common sense and great care when storing your oil. Always keep the extracted oil out of reach from children and pets to avoid accidental ingestion. 

If you make your extracted cannabis oil with 15 percent THC dried cannabis, you oil can contain approximately 6 grams of THC. One teaspoon of you infused cannabis oil will provide approximately 10-12 milligram doses of THC

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Cannabis Storage Methods https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-storage-methods/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cannabis-storage-methods https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-storage-methods/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 20:23:28 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=409 Written by Crowned Hemp

Depending on the method of cannabis storage you choose, dried cannabis flower in particular, may be susceptible to bruising and…

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dried cannabis flower

Depending on the method of cannabis storage you choose, dried cannabis flower in particular, may be susceptible to bruising and cross-contamination.


Yes, Cannabis is Perishable

For optimal care cannabis flowers in extracts should be stored in a dark, cool place- generally between 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and an airtight container. If you need to store cannabis flowers are extracts for less than 90 days to 50 degrees Fahrenheit 10 degrees. Celsius is an adequate enough temperature to maintain quality. There’s 55% humidity at this temperature and should prevent the cannabis from deteriorating. On the other hand, long-term storage of dried flowers should be stored at a temperature below freezing in this case the colder the temperature the better. However, it’s important to note that frozen dried flowers should never be thawed or refrozen cannabis flowers should never be stored in temperatures over 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius), nor should it ever be transported in hot-confined spaces such as a vehicle, unless it’s properly stored in a well-insulated chilled container. It’s very common for cannabis to get ruined in a short period of time by exposure to high temperatures in vehicles. 


Glass or Chemical Resistant Plastic Storage Containers?


Keeping cannabis flowers in good condition for longer periods of time requires a strong and richer approach to the packaging process storing cannabis flowers in plastic sandwich bags leads to Rapid bruising and deterioration of the cannabis flowers. 
Polyethylene and polypropylene are types of plastic and the preferred choices when storing cannabis flower in plastic containers when choosing a method of storage for your cannabis. The key is choosing a plastic storage method that is chemically resistant any type of plastic storage container considered safe for food storage and marked with an NSF. (Certification for food Storage) is best practiced. 


It’s acceptable to reuse these plastic containers for future cannabis storage, but always remember to thoroughly clean them out between each new storage use. Make sure to wash plastic containers containing previously stored cannabis flowers, with hot water and soap to prevent cross-contamination. This should go and said-never store your cannabis in dirty containers. If you have resin build up inside your used containers, you can use a 91% isopropyl alcohol to wipe out the resin. Once you’ve removed the resin build up, make sure to rinse the container thoroughly with hot water, allowing it to completely dry out before using it again for storage. 


If you find that after cleaning with the 91% isopropyl alcohol, resin is still present inside the container, it’s still dirty and the lingering resin must be removed before further cannabis storage. If the remaining resin cannot be removed, throw it out because it can no longer be used for cannabis storage. 


Using a solid polypropylene, poly-carbonate or polyethylene jar with an airtight lid is adequate enough for storing cannabis. The firmer the seal on the jar, the better it is at ceiling in freshness. When it comes to protecting cannabis trichomes. however, there’s isn’t any type of plastic or glass container that will protect the delicate trichomes if the container is shaken or mishandled. 


Using a properly sized storage container is crucial, whether it’s plastic or glass because exposure to air. Using a container that’s too large for the overall amount being stored in the container will expose the cannabis to air. This defeats the whole purpose of using an airtight container in the first place because unnecessary error is also getting trapped and stored in the container as well. Squeeze-top hinged plastic jars are not a good choice for storing cannabis because of their poor sealing. cannabis stored in containers such as these tend to dry out too quickly. 


Plastic Sandwich and Turkey Bags 


Sometimes, soft plastic sandwich bags are used to store cannabis dried flowers and certain extractions. This isn’t best practice and shouldn’t be used as a means of storage. Because some of the oils produced by the cannabis such as limonene can dissolve the soft plastic. It dissolves it and then deposits it’s residue on the remaining stored cannabis. A much better alternative is oven-safe turkey bags. The great thing about turkey bags is that they can hold a few pounds of dried cannabis flower. The downside of course to these bags, it leaves the dried cannabis flower unprotected and trichomes are vulnerable to crushing. 


Heat Seal and Vacuum Packaging

Heat sealed bags are great at maintaining cannabis freshness because they’re completely airtight. You can also minimize excess air in the packaging as well by resealing.

 
Vacuum packaging and soft bags are not recommended storage methods since their flexibility causes trichome crushing. Crushed trichome heads increase the oxidation rate of both cannabinoids and terpenoids. Vacuum packaging dried cannabis flower using hard containers is much more efficient because the packed cannabis contains a safe anaerobic bacterial level. 


Nitrogen Packaging 


Nitrogen packaging is an effective method for storing dried cannabis flowers. Nitrogen is an inert gas preventing oxidation of the cannabis compounds. The downside to nitrogen packaging is warmth. If the cannabis stored in nitro packaging becomes warm, some of its compounds may still breakdown. Reduced anti microbial growth has not been shown for fresh cannabis. However, it may still have some advantages for cannabis extract and dried flowers. 


Humidors and Moisture Packs 

Let’s just put this out there first, humidors are not made to be airtight. So, moisture content must be closely monitored and refilled. Since cigars and tobacco require more humidity than cannabis., it’s essential to season a humidor for cannabis prior to use. This means that the humidor should be slightly drier (approximately 60% humidity). It’s important to note that stored cannabis should never have any contact with the humidors moisture source since this can cause mold to grow. If you plan on incorporating humidifying packs in your humidor, it’s best to avoid long periods of contact between the surface of the humidifying pack and the cannabis


Never place humidifying packs in a bag of cannabis and heat seal the bag because the humidifying pack could rupture from the pressure. Any cannabis showing signs of mold should always be thrown away. 


Storing, Hashish and Kif 

The process of pressing cannabis resin into hashish is a method that attempts preserving active ingredients from spoiling. Truth be told, the best way to preserve resin is by keeping the gland heads intact, unpressed, and very cold.  When stored in a vacuum-sealed, food-safe bag in a conventional freezer at -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degrees Celsius), pressed hashish can be stored for years. Storing hashish for longer periods of time requires higher pressure for compressing hashish. Did you know that high-quality hashish is pressed with over 12 tons of pressure through the use of a hydraulic jack? 


Water-extracted hash or dry-sifted kif unpressed, is much more delicate since extracted resin glands are not protected from rupturing and oxidizing. The best thing you can do to preserve water-extracted hashish is ensuring there’s no residual water from the start. Remaining water is undesirable because it encourages bacterial growth and mold. Once all remaining water has been removed from water-extracted hashish, it should then be placed in a cool, dark, airtight storage container. It should be completely left undisturbed until used.


During the drying process water-extracted hashish is very susceptible to visible mold growth. It’s important to keep a close eye on water-extracted hashish during the drying process for this reason. Oxidation is reduced when water-extracted hashish or dry sifted kif has been compressed. 


Cannabis Tincture Storage 


Extraction of cannabis produced by soaking the cannabis plant in ethanol (ethyl alcohol) or glycerin for a specific length of time and then filtering out plant matter from the resulting tincture. Conventional refrigeration is the best method for storing ethanol and glycerin tinctures. It becomes a challenge with long-term storage, though. It’s hard keeping cannabinoids dissolved in glycerin and ethanol because sticky cannabinoids leak out of the solution and stick to the walls of the container. The challenge arises when trying to get the leaked cannabinoids completely back into the solution with in the tincture. Vigorously shaking the container for a minute prior to each use helps with this though. 


An ultra high-speed blender called a handheld lab homogenizer mechanically emulsifies cannabinoids into glycerin which provides longer stability. Adding an emulsifier to the tincture may make it easier to keep cannabinoids in ethanol and glycerin solutions. To slow cannabinoid (such as THC and CBD) breakdown, store cannabis tinctures in the refrigerator. It’s best to store ethanol and glycerin tinctures in small, dark, glass bottles- preferably in a refrigerator. The active cannabinoids and terpenoids in ethanol and glycerin tinctures may disappear from direct exposure to light and heat. 


Cannabis Edibles Storage 


cannabis infused into common food items such as candies and cookies are referred to as “edibles” and are perishable depending on the particular food item they’re infused in. Therefore common sense tells us that long-term storage of cannabis infused edibles at room temperature is not recommended. 


Baked goods such as cookies containing cannabis, however, can be frozen and then thawed for use. It’s important to note that regular refrigeration temperature can often promote mold growth in baked edibles


On the contrary, hard candies infused with cannabis have a longer shelf life as long as they are protected from moisture.  Small desiccant packs can be stored with cannabis infused hard candies to reduce moisture


Chocolates infused with cannabis should be stored in a cold, dark place since its compound ingredient cocoa, stores well in these conditions. 


Cannabis Oil and Wax Storage 


Typically, the most concentrated forms of cannabis are oils and waxes. They can contain THC levels as high as 80%. cannabis wax is a term referring to the consistency of the final product, which looks like a sticky wax. Two basic ways to make cannabis oil and waxes is either by extraction using solvents such as butane or using carbon dioxide (which is a compressed liquid gas). These methods are effective at stripping cannabinoids from raw cannabis, however, more is stripped than just the cannabinoids, such as fats produced by the cannabis plant. Extracted cannabis oil and wax are extremely perishable when plant fats and waxes are not removed. Plant fats will spoil an oxidize. 


It’s best practice to always refrigerate cannabis oils and waxes to reduce spoiling and oxidation. To do this effectively, try dividing cannabis oil or wax into two or three dose portions to freeze. That way, you can thaw one portion at a time in the refrigerator until it’s all used. It’s important to note that thawing and then refreezing will speed up deterioration and should be avoided. 

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Cannabis and Women’s Health https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-and-womens-health/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cannabis-and-womens-health https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-and-womens-health/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 13:10:46 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=385 Written by Crowned Hemp

For a long time now, cannabis has been considered an effective remedy for a wide range of women’s health issues…

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For a long time now, cannabis has been considered an effective remedy for a wide range of women’s health issues which includes extensive menstrual bleeding, premenstrual dysphoria syndrome and dysmenorrhea. Unfortunately, there’s not much proper research looking into the potential uses of cannabis to help address symptoms and conditions faced by many women. Hopefully, as we begin to learn and understand differences between the male and female endocannabinoid systems, this will greatly change. 

Current research is being done to examine the potential part CBD plays in the treatment of some breast cancers. Based on personal reports, female dispensary patients indicate that they are using cannabis to relieve symptoms such as treating hormonal imbalances and even menopause. 
 

Proposed Treatments  

Throughout the female reproductive system endocannabinoids and endocannabinoid receptors in are found within a range of tissues. The thought here is that endocannabinoids, specifically anandamide play a significant role in regulating fertility and early pregnancy. It’s also known that endocannabinoids also regulate certain aspects of endometriosis.  

 
Methods of Use 

Vaporization and Smoking 

Vaping and Smoking are the most preferred methods among the female cannabis users. Vaping is recommended since it reduces combustion toxin exposure which is more apparent in Smoking

Oral 

Another popular method is taking low doses of oral cannabis because they are convenient and its effects tend to last longer. 

Chemotypes 

Widely-leafleted indicas have been reported by female cannabis users to be effective in treating dysmenorrhea. 
 

Popular Varieties 

Female cannabis users report that narrowly-leafleted hybrids seemed to be the most effective for cramping. Mood elevating narrowly-leafleted varieties seem to be effective for premenstrual syndrome

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Cannabis and Pregnancy https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-and-pregnancy/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cannabis-and-pregnancy https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-and-pregnancy/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 13:04:53 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=381 Written by Crowned Hemp

Cannabis use has a slightly elevated risk of infertility due to ovulation abnormalities. Some women continue Cannabis use during pregnancy to…

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Cannabis use has a slightly elevated risk of infertility due to ovulation abnormalities. Some women continue Cannabis use during pregnancy to reduce pregnancy symptoms such as morning sickness and prenatal anxiety & depression despite contradicting evidence that Cannabis use may have negative effects on their developing fetus and child development.  

Cannabis & Pregnancy Studies

Using Cannabis while pregnant has not been associated with an increased risk of infant. Morality. However, using Cannabis frequently throughout pregnancy may be associated with reduced birth weight. Two large studies have been performed on heavy Cannabis use during pregnancy by the Ottawa Prenatal Prospective Study (OPPS) and the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development study (MHPCD). The Ottawa Prenatal Prospective Study and the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development study both examined the effects of Cannabis use during pregnancy. 

On children of mainly Caucasian, middle-class Canadian mothers while the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development study studied the effects of prenatal Cannabis exposure and children of a group of mothers. This study group contained half African-American mothers and the other half was Caucasian. 

Study Results

These studies showed that there wasn’t a higher rate of miscarriage, premature birth or incidence of complications during the pregnancy term or while or during childbirth associated with Cannabis use. 

The study also showed however, that three to four-year-old children were eventually negatively affected from mothers using Cannabis during their pregnancy. These negative effects included verbal and memory issues. Children whose mothers used marijuana while pregnant (during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy) were affected with short-term memory and verbal reasoning.  

Varying Results

As these children who were exposed to Cannabis while in the womb grew older however, the results drastically changed. When these particular children became school age, they no longer had any memory deficits according to the Ottawa Prenatal Prospective Study. On the other hand, the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development study found that children appeared to have some short-term memory deficits associated with heavy Cannabis use during pregnancy the second trimester of pregnancy. 

A very interesting thing about this study showed that the short-term memory deficits were countered by an increase in attention span when these children were compared with children who were not exposed to Cannabis while in the womb. Both of these studies confirmed that using Cannabis during pregnancy is associated with impaired cognitive function in children including attention deficits in executive function despite evidence showing that mothers who smoked Cannabis for morning sickness, depression or anxiety did not harm their children. Please note that recent animal research encourages caution when considering the use of Cannabis while pregnant. 

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Cannabinoids and Their Bioavailability https://crownedhemp.com/cannabinoids-and-their-bioavailability/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cannabinoids-and-their-bioavailability https://crownedhemp.com/cannabinoids-and-their-bioavailability/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 04:09:02 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=369 Written by Crowned Hemp

Inside the cannabis plant, cannabinoids such as THC occur in the form of acids. Take THCA for example. Cannabinoid acids…

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Inside the cannabis plant, cannabinoids such as THC occur in the form of acids. Take THCA for example. Cannabinoid acids are not easily absorbed by the human body. The ability of a drug being absorbed is called bioavailability. Once a Cannabinoid acid is heated up, however, they give up a carbon dioxide molecule and are transformed into a neutral state. This process is called decarboxylation and makes cannabinoids in their neutral state-more bioavailable. Cannabinoid acids are very fragile. Cannabinoid acids even at room temperature are slowly converted to their bioavailable neutral forms. Many Cannabinoid acids can even be converted to their neutral forms simply with steady and moderate heat (with a temperature below boiling or combustion points of the cannabis constituents). 

Conversion of THCA to THC 

Converting the Cannabinoid acid THCA to its neutral state, THC-can be accomplished fairly quickly. Maintaining a temperature of 310 degrees Fahrenheit (154 degrees Celsius) for a period of seven minutes will accomplish the conversion of THCA to THC. Decarboxylated cannabis and cannabis concentrates should be handled with great care due to their high bioavailabilities. Mishandling decarboxylated cannabis and cannabis concentrates could easily result in accidental overdosing by ingestion (such as “cookie casualty”).  

Can cannabinoid Acids Be Effective Medicine? 

Is it a possibility that Cannabinoid acids can be effective medicine? In other words, can raw cannabis and its associated Cannabinoid acids be more effective medicinally (can they be better absorbed), than neutral cannabinoids produced by heat application? While this controversy still remains unproven, a small-scale study that was recently published states that decarboxylated THC was more bioavailable than THC acid and CBD acid was more bioavailable than decarboxylated CBD. This study was executed by a Dutch scientist named Arno Hazekamp. This study involved cannabis tea. The cannabis tea was composed of hot water. The water was not hot enough to decarboxylate the THC, however, patients were still feeling some medicinal effects after drinking the cannabis tea. These medicinal effects were very low key, therefore-patients did not get very “high”. 

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Cannabis Quality Assurance & Analytical Testing https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-quality-assurance-analytical-testing/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cannabis-quality-assurance-analytical-testing https://crownedhemp.com/cannabis-quality-assurance-analytical-testing/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 04:06:56 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=367 Written by Crowned Hemp

In order to abide by a standard quality cannabis must go through testing processes. These testing processes can help identify…

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In order to abide by a standard quality cannabis must go through testing processes. These testing processes can help identify specific favorable components in the cannabis, as well as screen for unwanted contaminants in the cannabis. The most common form of analytical testing cannabis is subjected to is potency testing. So, how is cannabis analytically tested to provide solid quality assurance?  

How is Potency Testing Helpful? 

potency testing plays a useful role in guiding doctors and medicinal cannabis users in calculating proper dosing.   

Chromatography 

To test for cannabinoid potency, cannabis must undergo a process called chromatography. It helps with identifying which cannabinoids and terpenes are present in the cannabis sample (such as THC and CBD). chromatography is one of the most common forms of analytical testing in cannabis laboratories. This process involves a separating of molecules based on differences in their structure and components. The separated molecules are then passed by a prepared sample of material in the form of liquid or gas. The component chemicals within the mixture then move at different rates. The rate of movement allows these components to be identified.  

Chromatography | Different Interactions 

Different reactions occur between these sample molecules and the medium through which they pass through. These different interactions cause the molecules to separate and then grouped based on their specific interactions within the medium. Molecules showing stronger interactions within the medium move more slowly throughout the medium. Molecules showing weaker interactions within the medium move more quickly throughout the medium.  As a result, these differing molecules within the mixture can then be separated from each other.  

Chromatography | Separation Varieties 

There’s a variety of media can be used to carry out chromatography including volatile gases, paper, liquid, and silica on glass plates. At present time, the most common and well-known form of chromatography used by cannabis labs are the liquid and gas chromatography.  

Mass Spectrometer 

The mass spectrometer is another instrument that can identify how much of a particular substance is present in the cannabis sample.  

Safety Screening 

Among analytical testing and quality assurance, the safety screening is of utmost importance. Safety testing screens for contaminants within the cannabis sample such as bacteria, pesticide residue, and pathogenic fungi. 

Testing for Contaminants 

Testing for fungi and bacteria contaminants consists most often of culture plates which are inoculated with samples of cannabis. Testing for pesticides are commonly tested and detected by chromatography

Validated Testing Methods 

It’s important to make sure that the analytical testing laboratory chosen is using independently validated testing methods.  

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Sativa vs. Indica What Makes Them Different? https://crownedhemp.com/sativa-vs-indica-what-makes-them-different/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=sativa-vs-indica-what-makes-them-different https://crownedhemp.com/sativa-vs-indica-what-makes-them-different/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 04:04:50 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=365 Written by Crowned Hemp

If you’ve ever asked a frequent cannabis user what the differences are between sativa and indica, you most likely hear that sativas are…

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If you’ve ever asked a frequent cannabis user what the differences are between sativa and indica, you most likely hear that sativas are not as strong as indicas and indicas create relaxing and sedative effects. While the descriptions may be correct, the names are not. So, why are the names wrong? As of now, the distinction is based on the variety’s cannabinoid content. It all comes down to the strains of cannabis and how they share their genes.  

To be clear, all cannabis strains share a relatively narrow range of genes. All hemp strains share another small set of genes. The crossover between them is not as much as what was once thought to be true. So, in order to differentiate between the two and clear up misconceptions-all hemp varieties have been classified as cannabis sativa and cannabis drug varieties have been classified as cannabis indica (with some crucial distinctions). 

Indica 

indica cannabis was divided into broad-leafleted drug (BLD) and narrow-leafleted drug (NLD) varieties. You’ll find that the majority of present-day drug cannabis varieties are actually a hybrid of these two biotypes. indica resembles the BLD side when it comes to appearance, but contains characteristics from both BLD and NLD. The majority of NLD-dominant hybrids can be slightly brain stimulating in comparison with BLDs. 

Sativa 

While sativa is most often though of a valued mostly for its fibers, their abilities go far beyond that. Sativas carry a gene that makes the enzyme which converts CBG into CBD (not THC). From what research has proved, all CBD genetics seem to trace back to hemp varieties of cannabis

CBD to THC 

The Middle East hashish cultivars are most likely the true indica/sativa crosses (meaning classic early cannabis drug strains contained some CBD as well as THC). Even though the distinction between the two’s effects are presently based on the variety’s cannabinoid content, eventually, the distinction will come down to the variety’s terpene content.  

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The Endocannabinoid System & How It Works https://crownedhemp.com/the-endocannabinoid-system-how-it-works/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=the-endocannabinoid-system-how-it-works https://crownedhemp.com/the-endocannabinoid-system-how-it-works/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 04:01:23 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=363 Written by Crowned Hemp

Not only has cannabis been around for centuries, it’s also been used by humans for centuries. In order to appreciate…

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Not only has cannabis been around for centuries, it’s also been used by humans for centuries. In order to appreciate the endocannabinoid system, we need to first learn and understand exactly how this fascinating body system works. Within the last 50 years or so has there been any kind of scientific understanding as to how exactly cannabis works in the human body. The first plant cannabinoids were discovered in the 1940’s and it wasn’t until 1964 that THC was officially identified and incorporated. 

Once THC was discovered in 1964, that opened up the door for the search of a receptor within the human body in which THC might interact with. It wasn’t until the 1980’s that the first cannabinoid receptors in the human body were characterized. The discovery of these receptors uncovered a whole new string of regulatory mechanisms within the human body, called the endocannabinoid system. The interaction of cannabinoids with the endocannabinoid receptor molecules results in the many psychological effects of cannabis that occur. 

Think of the endocannabinoid system in terms of a spider web. It consists of a network of endocannabinoid receptors organized through the human body-it’s no wonder that it’s a very complex regulatory system. This system has a broad functionality and is found in all complex animals. The endocannabinoid system supports functions such as digestion, immune response, memory, motor response, appetite, blood pressure, pain, protection of neural tissue, and bone growth. With already such an array of functions already discovered, it’s no wonder researchers predict even more psychological processes with which the endocannabinoid system is involved with will eventually be discovered. 

Cannabinoid Receptors 

There are two primary subtypes of cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system, which are CB1 and CB2. The receptors are found throughout the immune and central nervous systems, as well as within many other tissues such as the circulatory system, brain, endocrine system, gastrointestinal system, urinary tracts, reproductive system, spleen, and heart. Exciting research has discovered new evidence that leads to at least three other cannabinoid receptors within the human body, in addition to CB1 and CB2. 

Once cannabinoid receptors were found, the next step was to find the substances produced in the human body that were binding to these receptors. The result of this search led to the discovery of the first endocannabinoids, 2-AG and anandamide, which occurred in the early 1990’s. To date, there are five endocannabinoids that have been discovered and isolated. Byproducts of polyunsaturated fatty acids, they are closely related to omega-3 fatty acids. endocannabinoids are not water-soluble because they’re fats, which means they have a hard time moving easily through the human body, therefore making it easy to understand why they are designed to work regionally. 

One such regional activity occurs when endocannabinoids deliver messages across the synapses (gaps between nerve cells). This works by signaling neurons to communicate with each other through the release of neurotransmitters. It’s easy to see that the role of endocannabinoids involved in this synaptic function is very important because they balance the flow of neurotransmitters, which help keep our nervous system running smoothly and efficiently. 

Produced on demand, endocannabinoids are released back across the synapse, brought up into the cells, and then quickly metabolized

Homeostasis 

endocannabinoids appear to go hand in hand with homeostasis (which means maintaining physiological stability) helping to restore imbalances produced by disease or even injury. One interesting theory in regards to the endocannabinoids’ role in pain signaling is that endocannabinoid levels may be responsible for the standard level of pain throughout the human body. Which may explain why cannabinoid-based medicines may help with treating conditions such as fibromyalgia. It may also prove that the constant release of the human body’s own endocannabinoids could have a restorative effect on muscle tightness which occurs in neuropathic pain, inflammation, multiple sclerosis, and even appetite. The value of proper “endocannabinoid tone” throughout the body may prove to be extremely important to our overall well-being. 

CB1 Receptors 

The CB1 receptor is found throughout the brain and is where endocannabinoids and CB1 receptors combine to form a “circuit breaker”, which then fine-tunes the release of neurotransmitters. The colossal list of brain functions affected by the endocannabinoid system includes: learning, emotions, cognition, memory, and decision-making, as well as anxiety, regulating body movement, anxiety, fear, stress, pain, appetite, body temperature, motor control, sense of reward, and so much more. 

There is one part of the brain that does not have very many CB1 receptors, which is the brain stem. The brain stem is responsible for respiration (breathing) and circulation and is the main reason why cannabis overdoses are not fatal. Psychoactive effects are the direct result of the CB1 receptor activation. 

The psychological and physical effects that come from CB1 activation is most commonly associated with the ingestion of cannabis

CB2 Receptors 

CB2 receptors are found mainly in blood cells, spleen, and the tonsils. From these regions, the CB2 receptors control the release of cytokines (immunoregulatory proteins) which are linked to inflammation and general immune function throughout the body.  

It’s important to understand that cannabinoid-based medicines can either interfere with or enhance the endocannabinoid system’s stability. Creating drugs that interact safely and effectively with the endocannabinoid system has proven difficult, and drugs that interfere with the functionality of cannabinoid receptors has had mixed success as well. 

Since cannabinoid receptors are scattered so broadly throughout the body, attempting to activate or suppress them for even a single medical purpose can release an assortment of unfavorable activity elsewhere. 

So, it’s only logical that the next step in research was to focus on developing drugs that can interact with cannabinoid receptors and do not cross the blood/brain barrier, in order to prevent some of the serious side effects. It’s thought that these types of side effects may be reduced by limiting the ability of these new drugs to interact with or block these receptors. Other drug possibilities aim to slow down how quickly anandamides (one of the key endocannabinoids) is metabolized. These prospective drugs show hope as treatments for conditions ranging from colitis to cancer. 

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Cannabinoids Broken Down https://crownedhemp.com/cannabinoids-broken-down/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=cannabinoids-broken-down https://crownedhemp.com/cannabinoids-broken-down/#respond Sat, 12 Oct 2019 03:59:28 +0000 https://crownedhemp.com/?p=361 Written by Crowned Hemp

Did you know that cannabis produces over 100 cannabinoids? With so many cannabinoids produced by the plant, there’s only a…

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Written by Crowned Hemp

crowned hemp-natural cannabinoids chart (thc, cbc, cbd, cbg)
CBD,THC,CBC,CBN,CBG,THCV Natural Cannabinoids in Cannabis.Vector Illustration

Did you know that Cannabis produces over 100 Cannabinoids? With so many Cannabinoids produced by the plant, there’s only a select few that are actually produced in significant quantities. Cannabinoids are categorized into ten different structural types, with four of them being primary. 

CBN (cannabinol) is a fifth type of cannabinoid, however, it’s technically not produced by the plant itself, but is rather a result from the breakdown of THC (oxidation). 

THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid or THCA) 

THC is one of the most common Cannabinoids produced the Cannabis plant. Certain Cannabis plant varieties can produce up to 25 percent the Cannabis plant’s dry weight in THC acid. The most fascinating thing about this is the fact that it’s a phenomenal amount for a single secondary metabolite in any plant species. A small group of genes controls the production of THC within the plant. These genes are dominant in most drug forms of Cannabis. An enzyme reaction within the Cannabis plant using CBG as its precursor, produces THC

Even though THC is the primary psychoactive component of Cannabis, in its raw acidic form, it is not psychoactive at all. In order to produce a psychoactive effect, THCA must be converted (decarboxylated) into THC by heating through smoking, vaping, or cooking. Once it’s heated-it becomes highly psychoactive. CB1 and CB2 are the endocannabinoid receptors that THC interacts with.  

CBD (cannabidiol) 

CBDA or cannabidiolic acid is the most common of phytocannabinoid produced by hemp varieties. It’s the second most in some drug cannabis varieties. CBDA is converted to CBD by being heated over time, just as with THC.  

CBG produces CBD, just like THC, however, it makes use of a completely different set of genes and different enzyme reaction.   

CBD interacts with more receptors than THC does. It’s important to note that while CBD does not interact with CB1 or CB2 receptors, CBD interacts with a large number of other receptors however. 

CBG (cannabigerol) 

CBG is an analgesic non-psychoactive cannabinoid. CBG is the third most widespread cannabinoid produced by the Cannabis plant following THC and CBD. CBG is the forerunning cannabinoid used by the Cannabis plant to produce THC and CBD. There are very few Cannabis plant varieties have significant amounts of CBG remaining at full growth. Another important thing to note is that CBG is often produced by hemp than by marijuana
 

CBC (CBCA or cannabichromemic acid) 

CBC is a rare type of phytocannabinoid which is produced extremely early in the Cannabis flowering cycle. When growing specifically for CBC, it requires collecting immature flowers six weeks prior to floral maturity. It’s also thought that CBC may be concentrated in Cannabis plant parts other than just the trichome heads. CBC at this time does not seem to intercept with cannabinoid receptors

CBN  

CBN is the breakdown byproduct of THC. It’s important to understand that CBN is not produced by the Cannabis plant itself. CBN is found in old samples or poorly stored Cannabis, Cannabis oil, and Cannabis resin. CBN does not produce psychoactive effects on its own, however, it does become interactively sedative combined with THC

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